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South Korea presents a new digital order to the world!



- The "Digital Bill of Rights," crystallizing President Yoon's digital vision, is announced as the manifesto for a universal digital order.

- This announcement is a comprehensive result derived from many global discussions, from the New York Initiative in September 2022 and the Davos Forum, to lectures at Harvard University and Sorbonne University, and public conversations integrating diverse input from scholars, the younger generation, and more.

- Values and five principles for a digital community of mutual prosperity that global citizens should collectively embrace are announced.




The Ministry of Science and ICT (Minister Lee Jong Ho, hereinafter referred to as "MSIT") announced on September 25th (Mon.) that the "Digital Bill of Rights" will now be formally reported, with its full contents disclosed for the first time, at the cabinet meeting chaired by President Yoon Suk Yeol.




President Yoon Suk Yeol, starting with the New York Initiative in September 2022, engaged in continuous discussions on a "new digital order" with scholars and business leaders around the world by participating in a number of international events, such as the Davos Forum, lectures at Harvard University and Paris-Sorbonne University, the G20 Summit, and the United Nations General Assembly. In particular, at the recent "Digital Vision Forum" held at New York University, the President presented the five basic principles of the "Digital Bill of Rights" in his keynote speech.




MSIT has been actively supporting the establishment of the "Digital Bill of Rights," which will in turn set out the foundation for the establishment of a "new digital order," in line with the President's digital vision. After the New York Initiative last year, MSIT organized a body of experts and representatives from various sectors to drive the formulation process and conducted many activities, namely: 1) Drafting a foresight of future digital society, 2) Provision of advice on legal and philosophical matters, 3) Case studies of important digital charters and declarations made overseas, and 4) Analysis of digital issues with currency. Moreover, MSIT has led public conversation by operating the "Council for a New Digital Order," and a series of roundtables which invited a diverse range of stakeholders, such as university presidents, major academic societies, and CEOs, to listen to different voices coming from different parts of our society.




The "Digital Bill of Rights" released today is a charter codifying nation-level standards and principles to synchronize with this era of deepening digitalization, as well as outlining the basic direction for universal digital order for guiding the international community. It consists of a preamble, which lays out the background and objectives of the document, and the main text, a total of 6 chapters and 28 articles.




The "Digital Bill of Rights" sets forth a blueprint of a digital society of mutual prosperity, in which the pursuit for digital innovation comes with just and fair distribution of its benefits. To achieve this exemplary vision of how future society should be shaped together with all members of the international community, the "Digital Bill of Rights" defines principles for action. However, based on the feedback from academia that the nomenclature "Bill of Rights" does not adequately reflect the nature of this document, "Charter on the Values and Principles for a Digital Society of Mutual Prosperity" is formally adopted as the title, and "Digital Bill of Rights" will be kept in use as the official subtitle and abbreviation.




The "Digital Bill of Rights" reflects globally shared values while highlighting our own distinctiveness by incorporating experiences and philosophies surrounding digital innovation specific to Korea. Unlike discussions held elsewhere that centers around artificial intelligence (AI), it encompasses a broad spectrum of digital issues, such as literacy and addressing disparities. Furthermore, it goes beyond ethical and normative discussions to emphasize the role of digital innovation by stipulating distinguished principles and rights, for example, the promotion of the well-being of humankind through international solidarity and cooperation.




In the first chapter, the Bill defines the fundamental principles for realizing a "Digital Society of Mutual Prosperity." These principles regard five aspects: 1) Guarantee of freedom and rights in digital environment, 2) Guarantee of fair access to and equitable opportunities in the digital, 3) Building a safe and trustworthy digital society, 4) Promotion of digital innovation based on autonomy and creativity, and 5) Advancement of the well-being for all humankind. From Chapter 2 to Chapter 6, the Bill defines the universal rights of citizens and the responsibilities of different entities (the state, the private sector, and the civil society) in form of more detailed subprinciples, in order to implement the five fundamental principles dealt in Chapter 1.




The provisions included in Chapter 2, "Guarantee of freedom and rights in digital environment" are as follows: "Guarantee of digital accessibility," for example, equitable access to kiosks and other digital services for everyone, "Guarantee of access and control over personal information," for example, securing rights to access, revise, delete, and transfer of one's own personal information, and "Guarantee of digital worker's rights," related to platform labor and remote work.




The provisions included in Chapter 3, "Guarantee of fair access to and equitable opportunities in the digital" are as follows: "Protection of digital properties," which means that properties in digital forms, such as data and contents, deserve legal and policy-level protection, and "Enhancement of digital literacy" to resolve digital disparities.




The provisions included in Chapter 4, "Building a safe and trustworthy digital society," an underlying premise to the digital society of mutual prosperity, are as follows: "Response system to digital threats," which requires that digital threats be managed through systematic structures, and "ethical development and utilization of digital technologies."




The provisions included in Chapter 5, "Promotion of digital innovation based on autonomy and creativity" are as follows: "Revision of regulatory framework" to dismantle outdated regulations that do not fit with digital environment, and "Support for digital innovation," such as cultivation of expert workforce and research and development (R&D) investment.




Finally, the provisions included in Chapter 6, "Advancement of the well-being for all humankind" are designed to correspond to the connectivity and immediacy of digital technologies' international facet. In detail, it is stipulated that the international community must put concerted effort for "the establishment of international digital norms" and "resolution of digital disparities between nations."




The government plans to use the "Digital Bill of Rights" as a standard to address the challenges in the era of deepening digitalization, and to revise specific existing laws and regulations. In particular, MSIT will support the smooth amendment of new legislations in preparation for the coming digital era, such as "AI Act" and "Digital Inclusivity Act." MSIT will also support in adjusting policies and institutions across relevant ministries in accordance with the "Digital Bill of Rights" through the execution of the "Deepening Digitalization Response Survey."




Additionally, the government will keep its effort to take a leading role in global discussions for the establishment of digital norms, in this situation where the global competition for securing normative leadership in AI and the digital is fierce. By actively participating in discussion on AI and digital norms and governance with international organizations* such as UN and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United States, and the United Kingdom, the government will incorporate contents of the "Digital Bill of Rights" in the international discourse.


* UN Global Digital Compact (GDC) Asia-Pacific regional meeting (October 16-17, South Korea), OECD Digital Rights Workshop (November 6)




Minister Lee Jong Ho of Science and ICT stated that, "Korea's announcement of the "Digital Bill of Rights" is an expression of confidence that we could proudly present to the world the global-level normative order." He further stated, "MSIT is committed to setting the global normative order in the digital age. Just as the United Kingdom was in the Industrial Revolution and the United States in the Information Revolution, Korea will strive to become a pioneering nation in the era of deepening digitalization."






For further information, please contact the Public Relations Division (Phone: +82-44-202-4034, E-mail: of the Ministry of Science and ICT.

Please refer to the attached PDF.



KOGL Korea Open Government License, BY Type 1 : Source Indication The works of the Ministry of Science and ICT can be used under the terms of "KOGL Type 1".